For most of the Open Era, tennis analysts and players considered Wimbledon's grass courts to be the fastest-playing surface of the grand slams, the clay courts at Roland Garros to be the slowest, and the hard courts first used at the U.S. Open and then later at the Australian Open to fall somewhere in between.
Tennis is played on a variety of surfaces and each surface has its own characteristics which affect the playing style of the game. There are four main types of courts depending on the materials used for the court surface: clay courts, hardcourts, grass courts and carpet courts.
A hardcourt (or hard court) is a surface or floor on which a sport is played, most usually in reference to tennis courts. They are typically made of rigid materials such as asphalt or concrete, and covered with acrylic material to seal the surface and mark the playing lines, while providing some cushioning.
Hard courts can range from faster to slower speeds depending on the quantity and size of sand mixed into the paint coating. Hard courts tend to equalize the playing field in terms of athletic style.
- Standard match size court: 18m x 36m
- Smallest playable size: 17m x 34m
- Orientation Court: North/ South
- Playing Area: +/- 11m x24m
- Height of fencing (full height): 3.6m
- Height of fencing (dropped side): 1.0m
Height of net:
- Centre: 915mm
- At Net Post: 1.070mm
- Basketball Court: 17m x 34m
- Netball Court: 17m x 34m
- Volleyball Court: 11m x 20m
- 8 x Poles - 7m - 7.5 m above ground.
- 8 x 400 Watt Metal Halide lighting system.