Hard tennis courts are the most common and most popular choice. Hard courts are made out of a concrete or asphalt base that is coated with an acrylic coating system. This type of court surface is the most commonly available as it's easy to maintain and is considered a suitable surface for all types of tennis players.
Though the measurements of all tennis courts are the same, the variety of surfaces on which matches are played can be segregated into three primary types
Tennis players who play well all around will have the advantage on a hard-concrete court. Play on a hard court is generally faster because there is little energy absorption by the court. Players can apply many types of spins during play and the ball tends to bounce high.
Due to their textured surfaces, clay courts feature the slowest surface for ball speed. High-bounce serves like topspin are easier to return on this surface due to the ball's reduced speed. This reduced speed makes points last longer, which is ideal for baseline players who have a more defensive style of play
Reinforced concrete is the usual type of slab for outdoor tennis courts, but post-tensioned concrete is also popular, as it tends to provide better performance. Post-tensioned means that the slab is poured over a grid of steel cables or tendons that are anchored to beams around the perimeter.